Okay, so I was wrong. At least I wasn’t the only one.
Last month I wrote about how the expiration of the $8000 and $6500 tax credits for new home buying wouldn’t have much impact on the housing market. Those expired, for the uninitiated, on April 30, and since then sales on new homes have dropped to their lowest levels in history. So that wasn’t one of those really good predictions, and I’m sorry, and I admit I was wrong.
Pundits are saying that the drop is caused by buyers moving their purchases forward to take advantage of the tax credit, so that sales just moved from May to April. That surely took place. But at least here in my shop, there were a good number of people that couldn’t get the deal done in time, and who still are in the process of buying. That should have put some shims under the falling market.
So I have a different explanation for why what happened…happened. See, it wasn’t so much about the money. Markets are really smart. They compensate pretty fast for price-altering events like tax credits and artificial purchase incentives (see “Clunkers, Cash for”). When someone offers $8000 as an incentive for you to purchase a home, then the seller of that home adjusts his price upward to meet the new reality that you have more cash to spend, so most of the $8000 does you no good at all. As an aside, this is what the eggheads call “inflation”.
That did happen in this case, though not by anything like $8000 worth. No, the spike in home buying was not caused by the cash incentive as a dollar amount; rather, it was caused by the application of that dollar amount. As in, the $8000 was not a reduction in the price of the home; it was a boost in cash for down payment and closing costs. Yes, I know the government specifically said that the credit could not be used as a down payment. But, humans being what they are, and being waaaaaaay smarter than the government, they got “gifts” to cover the down payment and closing costs, then repaid those “gifts” with the tax credits. Voila! A temporary reinstatement of the zero-down loan programs the government killed last year.
The reason we’re in the economic mess we’re in is really quite simple: we borrowed too much money, and nobody saved a nickel. Now we can’t make the payments on the things we bought, so they’re being repossessed and foreclosed on. For a business, that means money is drying up and that means firings and layoffs. That exacerbates the personal financial problems, which means people stop spending, which further reduces the money for business, and around and around the mulberry bush.
If you have no cash, you can’t buy a home, because there are no zero-down programs outside of USDA Rural – which, not coincidentally, ran out of money 6 months before the end of the fiscal year – and Veterans’ Administration. But this program made it possible to fudge that, and brought a lot more buyers into the game. Until it ran out.
If you parsed the data, and nobody will actually give it to you so you can do this, but what you would find almost immediately is that the large majority of those tax credits were claimed by people whose down payments were smaller than the $8000 credit. Personally, I would bet that almost half of the loans that closed on which the credit applied were closed with gifts as the means of down payment. Perhaps all of those gifts were legitimate. I hope so.
Then, of course, the gravy train reached the terminus and everyone had to get off. Immediately, home sales dropped off a cliff. This doesn’t happen in market conditions where nothing hinky is going on. The market simply adjusts – prices fall, in this case – and people move on. Really, folks, the $8000 is not a big deal. It represents a payment increase of only about $40/mo for a borrower at today’s rates. That might have a small depressive effect on the market, but nothing like what we’re seeing.
Conclusion: the $8000 credit had the impact it did because it filled a market niche where there is huge demand, and that is the niche for 100% loans. The loss of the credit has taken out a very large part of the borrowing pool, those people that cannot come up with $7000-10,000 to put down on a house. Until something fills that gap again, don’t expect a huge market rebound.