Underwater on your mortgage? Struggling with medical bills? Deep in credit card debt with no clear way out? It’s possible you could get a bailout from Occupy Wall Street.

Nope, this isn’t a TV infomercial/scam. It’s Rolling Jubilee, an offshoot of Occupy Wall Street that wants to buy up $1 million worth of distressed consumer debt and then discharge it. As in, inform the borrowers they don’t have to pay.

At issue here is the bailout of major Wall Street institutions, which have largely come roaring back after the financial crisis. Meanwhile, many Americans still struggle with paying off their own debt, from underwater mortgages to astronomical student loans. This quote from the Rolling Jubilee website sums up its ethos: “Join us as we imagine and create a new world based on the common good, not Wall Street profits.”

So, where will Occupy get $1 million to buy this debt? Actually, it doesn’t even need that much, just $50,000. (We’ll explain the surprising financial math behind this in a moment). But even before its sold-out, celebrity-studded telethon last month in New York, the ticker showed the effort had blown past the initial goal to raise $160,000, or more than $3 million in dischargeable debt. The final tally when the variety show ended at midnight? $266,104 raised, enough to discharge $5,326,898. The figure keeps growing.

So what is distressed debt?

Distressed debt is exactly what it sounds like — debt held by people in financial distress, who probably can’t and won’t pay it back.

Here’s how it works: Let’s say you apply for and receive a credit card from the totally fictional Miracle Bank, or MB for short. You’re pumped about building your credit. But then, you lose your job. Or you go a little crazy during college. For whatever reason, you’re $20,000 deep, interest is piling up and you’re barely making minimum payments.

Miracle Bank looks at the situation and decides that there’s not a good chance you’re going to pay. In fact, it’s betting you’ll declare bankruptcy, which means the bank won’t get its money. So MB sells your $20,000 of debt to the debt collection agency, DCA, for $1,000. Hey, $1,000 is better than $0, right? In fact, MB has got lots of consumers just like you. So it bundles your debt up all together and sells it as a package.

Now, your debt is owned by the DCA, and to it, you’re just an anonymous consumer who probably won’t pay. Or you might. DCA is hoping more than 5 percent of that debt gets paid — then it’ll make a profit. Commence the harassing phone calls.

But Occupy, which is taking on the role of DCA in this transaction, doesn’t want to make a profit. It just wants to make your life a little easier. And it hopes that once your debt is gone, you’ll donate a little bit to the fund, hence “rolling” the jubilee on to the next lucky recipients.

Will it work?

In the technical sense, this idea is rather inspired. Anyone can buy distressed debt, including a loose coalition of anti-Wall Street agitators. Occupy says it’s already tested out the concept, buying $14,000 of medical debt for $466 and successfully discharging it. (Organizers haven’t said how many people they might have helped out.) Lucky recipients should receive a certified letter informing them their debt is all gone. And with just $25 discharging about $500 of debt, it doesn’t take much to make someone’s day.

Occupy’s bold plan raises the question: Could we just fundraise our way out of this national consumer debt mess? Here are the pros and cons:

Pro: It’s really nice

The most obvious benefit is that buying up this debt and getting rid of it wipes the slate clean for at least a few Americans. Instead of getting harassing calls from collectors, losing sleep and trying to shield the reality from the kids, these borrowers just get a letter saying, in essence, “Hey, it’s all good. We’ve got this one.” Those who donated get positive karma, and the recipient of the letter won’t see their credit rating tank even further because they won’t have to declare bankruptcy after months of accumulating negative marks all over their credit report.

Con: It encourages irresponsible behavior

No one would argue that bankruptcy is a week at the spa. After all, your credit report is severely penalized. But the consumers getting their debt erased will never pay — literally — for their bad behavior. This could incentivize behavior from consumers (buying more than they can afford and hoping they would get bailed out) that would hurt the economy. That’s why many see forgiving consumer debt, or bailing consumers out, as immoral. In fact, readers on LearnVest have previously gotten into a fierce debate over the morality of declaring bankruptcy instead of paying the debt you are responsible for. Without learning the lesson that comes from slogging their way through, debtors might just rack up more debt.

Pro: It could be an economic stimulus

Debt, especially in the form of underwater mortgages, is holding back the economy from full recovery. Because consumers can barely scrape together payments, they aren’t spending on other things such as meals out, vacations or clothes. Telling someone their debt is all taken care of might incentivize them to go out and spend a little more (responsibly, hopefully) and rev the economy up again.

Con: $5 million is a pitiful amount

Honestly? Discharging $5 million in debt isn’t going to be a huge economy stimulus. Total household debt has dropped since the recession, but consumers still have $2.7 trillion in outstanding debt, according to the Federal Reserve. What if the debt bundle Occupy buys is all mortgages? Then it’s discharged 20 or fewer families’ debt, or .000185 percent of all consumer debt. Even buying up a bundle of credit card debt, each chunk worth on average $20,000, would let just 250 people off the hook. It would only really make a difference if people consistently paid it forward to pay off more debt, like Occupy hopes.

Con: It’s totally random

The thing is, it’s not like you can apply to have your debt discharged. Because the bundled loans are anonymous, it’s just a random lottery (though Occupy says it will focus on geographic areas that have been hardest hit by the recession).

More from LearnVest:

This post originally appeared on on Nov. 16 and was written by Alden WickerIt is republished here with permission from LearnVest.

Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or position of Zillow.

About the Author

LearnVest is here to empower you to take control of your personal finances so that you can live your richest life. We have the information, tools and financial experts you need to have a healthy financial life now and an even brighter future.

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