Home architecture styles tend to vary by region and even by state within a region in the U.S. Specific styles of homes can also be unique to one city or state. Watching the opening shots of TV shows, one is often able to pinpoint where the show takes place just by identifying the architecture styles of the homes shown on a street – think of “Full House” and the shot of the Painted Ladies row homes in San Francisco, pictured above.
Some of the most popular architecture styles for the U.S. are colonial and ranch/rambler style homes. These vary regionally as states with more traditional home styles such as colonial or Cape Cod aren’t as likely to also have contemporary or ranch-style homes. Some states have architecture more in common with neighboring regions than states in the same region.
Here are some pictures and descriptions of some common architecture styles for homes found in the U.S. Not all homes will fall into the following categories, and homes within a category may not look exactly like the pictures below.
Bungalows are a type of small craftsman home and typically have low pitched gabled roofs with wide overhangs. Bungalows are typically 1 to 1.5 stories. The name bungalow originated in India and referred to small thatched homes.
Cape Cod-style houses were originally single-story cottages with shingles on the sides. More modern Cape Cod-style houses have one or more stories with a steeply pitched roof and clapboard or brick siding.
Colonial-style houses are characterized by high peaked roofs, large central or end chimneys, a symmetrical structure, wood or brick siding and several small double-hung windows. Dutch colonial houses are characterized by the broad gambrel roof that gives them a barn-like appearance.
Contemporary homes are a style that is a subset of modern homes. Contemporary homes can have flat or gabled roofs and are usually one story. Large windows and open floor plans are characteristics of contemporary homes.
Mid-century modern was the typical home style built in California or Western suburbs after World War II. Examples: Frank Lloyd Wright houses and the “Brady Bunch” house. Mid-century modern homes can also be two stories or split level.
Modern homes are built in a futuristic style compared to their contemporaries. Modern homes are boxy, often with floor-to-ceiling windows and other unusual exterior features. Contemporary homes are a subset of modern homes, as they are being built today and are a popular style.
Ranch/rambler houses became popular starting in the 1950s, with a one-story, rectangular, L- or U-shaped design and an attached garage. A popular variation on traditional ranch house is a split-level ranch house.
Traditional-style homes incorporate style characteristics from other home styles all in the same home. The following home can be described as traditional, and incorporates some elements from Cape Cod, craftsman and ranch/rambler style homes.
Midwestern states most commonly have bungalow and ranch/rambler-style houses. Kansas, South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, Missouri and Illinois primarily have these styles of houses. About half of the houses in Michigan are the three styles listed above, although Michigan also has about a third of houses built in the colonial style. Ohio is least like the other Midwestern states, most likely due to its proximity to the Northeast. Houses in Ohio are most likely to be Cape Cod or colonial style than bungalow or rambler/ranch style. Midwestern states are also more likely to have pre-fabricated, or manufactured, homes than other regions.
Northeastern states generally have colonial or Cape Cod-style houses although some states also have cottages. Ranch/rambler houses are more popular in New Hampshire and Maine, but are not very common in other Northeastern states. Victorian houses are more common in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Pennsylvania than in other states.
Southern states have a wide variety of architecture styles, due to the large size of the region. Delaware is more like Northeastern states, with many colonial style houses. Many homes in the South are described as “traditional.” Traditional-style houses are a style that is used to describe Southern and Western houses but is not used to describe houses in the Northeast or Midwest.
Texas is characterized by having traditional and contemporary houses. Virginia has traditional, ranch/rambler and colonial as its most prevalent house styles. Oklahoma houses are mainly described as traditional houses. Georgia has the majority of houses described at traditional, with French and colonial as other common styles. In fact, around 20 percent of the homes in Georgia can be characterized as the French style, which is unique to Georgia. West Virginia is split between Cape Cod, modern (most likely mid-century modern), colonial and log cabin/rustic homes.
For western states, Hawaii is mostly contemporary homes. Montana has ranch/rambler-style houses with some bungalows and log cabin/rustic. Wyoming is almost all ranch/rambler-style homes, with a small percentage of log cabin/rustic-style homes. More than half of Utah homes are characterized as ranch/rambler, with about a third described as cottages. More than half of California homes are described as modern; most likely referring to true modern homes as well as mid-century modern homes typical of California suburbs constructed post WWII. Another fifth of homes in California are characterized as contemporary. Homes in Washington are mostly ranch/ramblers, with bungalow and traditional as other common styles.
The following table shows selected states and their most prevalent home architecture style.
|State||Prevalent Architecture Style|
|New Hampshire||Cape Cod|
For states where we had at least 5 percent of single family residences with an architecture style reported that was not “other,” we calculated the proportion of houses with a particular style for each state.
Selected architecture style data is available for the following regions and states:
Midwest- Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska and Ohio
Northeast- Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania and
South- Delaware, Georgia, Oklahoma, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia
West- California, Hawaii, Montana, Utah, Washington and Wyoming